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航空略缩语 Aviation Glossary(6)

时间:2011-09-15 17:20来源:蓝天飞行翻译 作者:航空 点击:


ATO assisted take-off e.g. J(et) or (R)ocket assisted.
ATS air traffic service. Also ATSU, ATS Unit.
ATSORA air traffic services outside regulated airspace.
ATC(U) air traffic control unit
ATZ Aerodrome Traffic Zone. An area of protected airspace surrounding an aerodrome bounded by a circle of 2 nm or 2.5 nm radius (depending on runway length) centred on the mid-point of the longest runway. Permission is required for entry into and movement in an ATZ.
AUW all-up weight, a term for the total loaded weight of an aircraft, made up of empty weight plus useful load; maximum auw is the maximum allowable weight, including fuel and payload, specified in an aircraft's Certificate of Airworthiness. Sometimes referred to (in USA especially) as gross weight and maximum gross weight respectively. Also MTWA, maximum total weight authorised; BOW Basic operating weight, the weight of an aircraft with all equipment, lubricants, fuel and operating crew, but without payload; MLW, maximum landing weight, above which fuel must be burned off or jettisoned before landing or there may be risk of structural damage.
avgas aviation gasoline, usually followed by the octane rating. Used by piston-engined aircraft. Also LL, low lead.
avtur aviation turbine fuel (kerosene). Used by turboprops and jets.
AWR airborne weather radar
Awy airway

 
 
 
BA British Airways
BAA British Airports Authority
BAeA British Aerobatic Association
BALPA British Airline Pilots Association
base leg The crosswind segment of an aerodrome circuit bringing the aircraft from the downwind leg to final approach
BAUA Business Aircraft Users Association
BCAR British Civil Air Requirements. Airworthiness standards laid down by the CAA for certification of aircraft on the UK Civil Aircraft Register.
BCP break cloud procedure
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