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航空略缩语 Aviation Glossary(13)

时间:2011-09-15 17:20来源:蓝天飞行翻译 作者:航空 点击:


EAS equivalent airspeed
EAT estimated (or expected) approach time.
EBAA European Business Aircraft Association.
ECAC European Civil Aviation Conference
ECOGAS European Council of General Aviation Support
ECU environmental control unit
ED emergency distance
EET estimated elapsed time
EFAS electronic flash approach light system
EFATO engine failure at (or after) take-off.
EFIS electronic flight instrument system, in which multi- function CRT displays replace traditional instruments for providing flight, navigation and aircraft systems information, forming a so-called 'glass cockpit'. Now common in commercial transports, corporate aircraft and helicopters, military fighters and some GA piston singles and twins.
EGT exhaust gas temperature (gauge). A device which provides a cockpit readout of the exhaust gas temperature of an aircraft's (piston) engine(s), enabling the pilot to lean the mixture for maximum fuel efficiency.
EHSI electronic horizontal situation indicator. CRT-based HSI forming part of an EFIS.
EICAS engine indication and crew alerting system. CRT display which monitors engine performance and alerts the crew to system or airframe failure. Found in new-generation transports and business jets.
EICMS engine in-flight monitoring system
ELT emergency locator transmitter. A small radio transmitter fixed to an aircraft's structure which is automatically activated by impact or water immersion and transmits a code on emergency frequencies enabling SAR satellites or search units equipped with DF to locate the crash or ditching site. Carriage mandatory in the USA, but not in UK. Sometimes styled ADELT, automatically deployable ELT, or ELB, emergency locator beacon.
empty weight weight of the basic aeroplane including all fixed equipment, plus unusable fuel, oil, hydraulic and other fluids.
encoding altimeter an altimeter which gives a digital output to the transponder (which see) for automatic transmission of the aircraft's pressure altitude to ATC.
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