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航空略缩语 Aviation Glossary(36)

时间:2011-09-15 17:20来源:蓝天飞行翻译 作者:航空 点击:


V/STOL vertical/short take-off and landing
VTOL vertical take-off and landing
VTR vocational training relief. Tax releif granted by the Inland Revenue against the cost of certain commercial pilot training courses.

 
 
 
wake turbulence wingtip vortices generated behind a wing producing lift. Behind a large heavy aircraft they can be powerful enough to roll or even break up a smaller aircraft.
WAT weight-and-temperature
w.e.f. with effect from. Also w.i.e., with immediate effect.
wet when refering to aircraft hire charges means 'fuel included'
wind shear localised change in wind speed and/or direction over a short distance, resulting in a tearing or shearing effect, usually at low altitude, that can cause a sudden loss of airspeed with occasionally disastrous results if encountered when taking-off or landing.
WIP work in progress.
WP waypoint
wt weight
Wx weather
WX NIL no significant weather, term used in Met reports.

 
 
 
XC cross-country
xmsn transmission
xpdr transponder

 
 
 
N/A N/A

 
 
 
zero-fuel weight maximum permissible weight of an aircraft beyond which an additional load must be in the form of fuel (i.e. max take-off weight less total usable fuel in applicable aircraft, which are so limited because of the wing-bending moments associated with near-empty wing fuel tanks).
zero-timed overhauling an aero-engine to 'service limits' (not the same 'good as new' or factory remanufactured).
Zulu or Z used worldwide for times of flight operations, formerly Greenwich Mean Time, now Co-ordinated Universal Time (UTC).
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